Panchanga ~ Deeper Understanding ~ Part 02

The essence of the five elements of Panchanga in terms of understating one's Horoscope, Kundali or Janam Patri or birth chart referred in many ways by occult experts.

In my previous article, I introduced Pangang, an Ancient Indian Almanac, and explained why Astrology students must pay attention to every panchang detail.
In this blog/article, I will illustrate and provide insight on the five elements of panchaga, as they form the basis of one's birth chart. It is with the analysis of these five elements or the Pancha Angas or five limbs as it is known, an occult expert, especially astrologers, can quickly determine the quality of life of a person he or she can aspire for, in terms of wealth, Health and relationships, and the name and fame a person will get during his lifetime. The hardships one is destined to face

Panchanga in Jyotish Veda for an Astrologer is similar to a RESUME for Human Resource Manager in the Corporate World, and both at a glance can determine whether the person has the punch or not.

Panchanga also creates the Muhurta( This I will explain in my net insight). And Muhurta is a composite of all these five limbs of time and is the first analysis of horoscope or Kundli or birth chart, leading to analyzing the five elements or limbs of time. Through this analysis of five factors, Astrologers, occult Masters determine various doshas' medical ailments, personal and professional problems and suggest suitable remedies/pariharas. Planning of the critical events in one's life, be it wedding or grihapravesha or new purchases (land, automobiles, and investments). For every occasion, there is a different muhurta, and there can never be one Muhurta for all

Now let me explain the First Element Vara:

Vara is the day you are born, and the energy element associated with it is fire/agni. Vara became your day lord and called Varesh and before we go any further, let me explain to you the seven kinds of Varas which constitute the seven days in a week, illustrated as under along with the associated planet lord for that particular Vara called as Varesh. Rahu and Ketu are not considered as planets in here as they do not have a complete body.

  • Sun is known as Ravi; hence Ravi vara (Sunday), and the associated lord is Sun or The Surya. And technically, this is the first day of the week; unlike in the western world, it is the last day of the week.
  • Moon is known as Soma: hence Som Vara(Monday), and the lord associated with this is Moon or Chandra
  • Mars is known as Bhauma or Mangal: hence Mangal Vara (Tuesday), and the lord associated with this is Mars (Mangal)
  • Mercury is known as Budha, Wednesday is Bhud vara, and the lord associated with this is Budha
  • Brihaspati in ancient Vedic astrology is Counselor of Devta's or priest of Gods and hence called Devaguru, and the planet attributed to this in the solar system is Jupiter. Hence Thursday is called a Guru Vara, one of the most benefic planets in one's horoscope or Kundli and key to success in one's life.
  • The next in the sequence is Friday, and the planet associated with this is Venus, another important benefic planet that determines one's social status, wealth, and glamour. In Vedic Astrology, Venus is Shukra is the name of the son of Bhṛgu and preceptor of the Daityas/the guru of the Asuras and hence the day is called Shukra Vara
  • Last but not least, Saturday, technically the last day of the week, is ruled by the gaseous planet SATURN, ruled by Lord Shani. Hence the day is called Shani Vara. One of the malefic planets with the power to obstruct, destroy, and represents austerity, longevity, old age,

In a snapshot, I am summarizing as under :

  • Sunday, the sun (Ravi-vara)
  • Monday, the Moon (soma-vara)
  • Tuesday, Mars, (Mangala-vara)
  • Wednesday, Mercury, (Budha-vara)
  • Thursday, Jupiter, (guru-vara)
  • Friday, Venus (Shukra-vara)
  • Saturday, Saturn, (Shani-vara)

You can still see these astrological influences in western astrology, and If you examine the French and Spanish words for the days of the week, you will see an even greater connection. Astrologically these days are named after these celestial bodies because the influence of that celestial body is prominent. For example, Tuesday, being ruled by Mars, the planet of war, would be an ideal date to state a battle, but not a good day to get married or move into a new home! Monday (moon-day) would be a better day for a marriage.

The Second Element is TITHI:

Tithi is the essential element of the panchanga because it is the lunar month's building block. Each day the Moon rises in the east and sets in the west. And the time between one moonrise and the next is called a “lunar day.”

The Sanskrit word for this lunar day is Tithi. There are 30 such lunar days in a lunar month, and their numbering is sequential, starting from the new Moon and the full Moon. See the diagram that shows the lunar month along with the phases of the Moon. Thus, in the Moon's waxing phase, the first lunar day is called the new Moon Shuklapaksha(Amavasya), the next lunar day is called the first(Shukla Prathama) tithi, the next lunar day is called the second(Shukla Dwitiya) tithi, the next is called the third(Shukla Tritiya) tithi, and so forth until the fourteenth lunar day(The Shukla paksha Chaturdashi). The day after the 14th is called the full Moon (Purnima)Krishna paksha.

From this point, the numbering sequence starts over again. The day after the full Moon (Krishna paksha) is the first (Krishna Prathama) Tithi; the next day is the second (Krishna Dwitiya) Tithi, and so on. The critical difference is that the second set of tith is belongs to the Moon's waning phase(Krishna paksha), while the first set belongs to the waxing stage(Shukla paksha). Afterward, the cycle repeats itself. In this way, thirty tith is make up a lunar month, which is known as masa. Some parts of India begin the month from the full Moon, whereas other parts begin the month from the new Moon. Today, the lunar calendar is still in use throughout the Hindu world for religious purposes.

From an astrological perspective, the various tithis are considered either auspicious or inauspicious for different events. In general, tithis on the waxing or bright side of the lunar month (Shukla-paksha) are considered conducive to growth, increase, and prosperity and would be selected for such occasions as weddings, moving into new homes, or starting businesses. Most religious festivals occur at these times, and the festivals' names are as per these tithis. The Moon's waning or dark side (Krishna-paksha) is considered favorable for ancestor worship pitrus , Hindu festivals are not held during this dark side of the lunar month, but there are important exceptions.

And the Tithi is associated with the energy Jala Tattwa, and it impacts interpersonal human relationships. Almost all of the tithis have some Doshas, while some tithi is cursed while some are blessed; depending on tithi lord, and by understanding tithis well, you will understand the relationship issues in both personal and professional life.

The Third Element is Karana and Karana lord:

Karana (half lunar day) is one of the leading five Angas, five primary Panchanga system elements. The right choice of a Karana plays an essential role in finding Muhurta (right time) for any deed or action. And the energy element associated with this is Prithvi Tattwa. The Tattwa that impacts the artha trikona aspect of your horoscope all about your career, the work, and finances,

A Karana has half the span of the Tithi, so there are 2 Karanas during a Tithi. There are total 11 Karanas. The Karana sequence changes according to Krishnapaksha or Shuklapaksh and the 1st half or 2nd half of the Tithi. The Karanas, too, have good and bad attributes and are suitable for various good or bad undertakings.

The Fourth element is The Nakshatra or The Lunar mansion:

Nakshatra is associated with the Vayu Tattva, which impacts your Health primarily. The Nakshatra is essential in Hindu culture. At birth, a person's horoscope or Kundli is made, and one of the most critical items to be known is the Nakshatra. The Nakshatra determines many elements of a person's character. (The Moon stands for the mind, The Sun for the leadership quality, Mercury about communication in Hindu astrology.) In many regions of India, a person's name is based on the Nakshatra. The first syllable of the word may be derived from the Nakshatra.

Vedic astrology divides the 360 degrees of the zodiac space into 27 Nakshatras or star constellations.
Each Nakshatra has 13 degrees and 20 minutes, and each span is subdivided into 4 Padas or quarters of 3 degrees and 20 minutes. On the day in question, the Nakshatra in which Moon positions itself is the prevailing Nakshatra. While the span of the Nakshatras is constant, the speed of the Moon is variable. Hence a Nakshatra may be in operation for more than a day or less than a day. Panchanga gives the starting and ending time of the Nakshatra in process and the next Nakshatra's name wherever applicable.

The Fifth & The Final element is The Yoga:

Yoga is another component of the Panchanga system that plays an essential role in choosing Muhurta for any action. There are two types of Yogas in Panchanga: Naisargika (another name – Nitya, Yogas, that are based on longitudes of the Surya (Sun) and Chandra (Moon)) and Tatkaalika (Yogas, that are based on the combination of Vaar (weekday) and Nakshatra (constellation)).

Yoga is associated with the Aakasha Tattva, The Sky Element, and determines the spirituality in a person. There are in total 27 yogas

In future articles we shall discuss more on various topics, suggestions are welcome.


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