In Part 1 of my article on Ashta Vivaha (Marriage), I explained the basic concept of marriage and how a relationship is to be counted. I have got many questions post publishing the blog, and it is essential to clarify that the idea of (Serious) relationship is based on Sun’s (1 year) transit, the question is why Sun? Surya (Sun) rules Agni tatwa (flre element), and flre is said to have the highest purity, an ideal Vivāha is one that has that purity and willingness to go through testing times together.
So can we bifurcate relationships with marriage? Yes. General links are seen from Upapada Lagna while marriage is seen from the 7th house. The 8th house which is 2’nd from 7th house is said to be the house of divorce/separation and 7th of the house of breakup (8th house) is the place of second marriage (2nd house) and so on. The process is the same for relationships which don’t reach (Official) marriage – 8th from Upapada Lagna (UL) is every following relationship. Since Sun has a vital role in defining relationship status, taking vows in the presence of flre/Agni is compulsory in many traditions to complete marriage.
After having understood the concept of Vivāha let us know the eight types of marriages (Ashta Vivāh) in detail and how each planet has a role to play. Do all seek purity in marriage? Are there ulterior motives? Let us understand it systematically! Planet Venus and 7th house of a native’s horoscope is primary significator for marriage, with that concept clear let us know eight types of marriage.
- Brahma Vivāh (Jupiter): This Vivāh is the best type of The marriage is based on equal footing, and the girl’s respect is most important. The couple belongs to a good family bag ground and the same caste or Varna. In Brahma Vivāha knowledge (Education) of bride/groom is most essential and no dowry is involved, the groom’s family approaches bride’s family for a match with the utmost respect and a traditional marriage with the consent of family is performed. Planet Jupiter signifies this marriage hence the purest union!
- Prajapatya Vivāha (Sun): This type of marriage is almost like the previous one, much respect for the groom’s father is The bride’s father offers his daughter as a gift to the groom’s father. Generally, this was applicable in olden days when couples married young. Even in today’s times, this marriage is seen especially when groom’s father is exceptional personality, bride’s father respects/trusts the groom’s father and agrees to get his daughter married. If the daughter is young the marriage will not consummate for several years, the basis of marriage was trust and respect (not money) hence it is a respectable marriage. Planet Sun signifies this marriage thus considered pure as well.
- Daiva Vivāha (Mars): This marriage is denoted by Mars and is performed in case of delays due to some severe affliction’s causing a delay in This generally happens in the case of Kuja dosha (mars) and the bride is unmarried for 28 years, the bride’s father under pressure is ready to get her married to a match which is less than their status to ensure the marriage happens. The bride enters groom’s house with plenty of Ornaments and gifts, in today’s time, this is not uncommon!
- Arsha Vivāha (Moon): In this type of marriage, an average girl is married to a poor boy for a small price which in the olden days were two cows and bulls to sustain the couple. The groom is educated, and that is a saving grace for the bride’s family. This type of marriage is not considered harmful since the bride’s family get a knowledgeable son in law!
Asura Vivāha (Mercury): This type of marriage is not respected well in society since it is a show of financial strength by the groom/family. The groom is in no way a match for the bride but bribes bride’s parents/relatives to get married. This type of marriage is not respectful to the bride since her dignity is compromised and feels like a slave/sex slave. Generally, the groom is of lower social rank or caste than the bride but has financial power. Asura raja
Mercury rules such association – Dama (buying it out) neeti (policy).
- Gandharva Vivāha (Venus): This type of marriage is all about physical chemistry, and the couple is sexually attracted to each other resulting in a Once nightstands (ONS) also are driven by this concept and are Gandharva Vivāha! Usually in these types of marriages/relationships When a man and a woman marry for love and without the consent of their families, typically it is called a ‘love marriage.’
- Rakshasa Vivāha (Saturn): This is amongst the most brutal types of marriage. In simple terms, it means marriage by abduction or rape. The bride/ her family is threatened with severe consequences if they object and the wedding happens due to fear/insecurity. As an exception the marriage is required to be carried out by abduction if bride’s father objects but the bride is in love, the union of Krishna-Rukmini and Arjun-Subhadra can be considered as Rakshasa Vivāha, and since the bride was willing the results were excellent! Saturn rules such marriages.
- Pishacha Vivāha (Rahu & Ketu): This is the worst type of marriage since the bride is intoxicated or drugged and forced to marry by In short, this is a criminal offense, and this type of marriage don’t last long. The nodes which don’t possess a head (Ketu) or body (Rahu) signify such a union since they cannot understand the complete picture.
It is worth noting that Vivāh is amongst one of the Śaṅkara and Rakshasa and Pisacha type marriages must be avoided.