Today is an extremely auspicious day for Hindus around the globe and is called Guḍhī Pāḍavā or Ugadi. This also marks the start of a new year and starts month of Chaitra and Shukla Pratipada as tithi, it is the end of darkness since it marks the end of Amavasya! The word pāḍavā stands for the first day of the bright phase of the moon called pratipadā )in Sanskrit. A Guḍhī is also hoisted on this occasion giving this festival its name, it is usually end of harvest season which started with Makar Sankranti (January 15). Guḍhī Pāḍavā is linked to profits since reaping of crops is started after the end on Amāvāsyā. It also marks start of Vasanta ritu (spring).
On Guḍhī Pāḍavā, a gudhi is found sticking out of a window in various colours tied to the tip of a long bamboo over which sugar, neem leaves and mango leaves and a garland of red flowers is generally tied. A silver or copper pot is placed in the inverted position over it. Altogether, it is called as Gudhi. Traditionally Gudhi is symbolical of Shree Ram’s victory over Ravana and is believed to ward off evil, invite prosperity and good luck into the house. This day is also called Vasant Navratri (वसंत नवरात्रि) or Chaitra Navratri and ends on the ninth day which is also celebrated as the Birthday of Lord Rama.During these nine days, devotees all across the country worship Maa Durga (Goddess of power), Maa Lakshmi (Goddess of wealth & prosperity) and Maa Saraswati (Goddess of knowledge). Usually devotees fast during this 9 days and below mentioned are different forms of devis for 9 days.
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